Trustworthy Repositories Audit and Certification: Criteria and Checklist
n. (abbr. TRAC)a set of criteria used to assess and certify Open Archival Information System–compliant digital repositoriesCRL and OCLC 2007, 2–3This new document, version 1.0 of the Criteria for Measuring Trustworthiness of Digital Repositories & Archives: an Audit & Certification Checklist [Trustworthy Repositories Audit & Certification: Criteria and Checklist], represents best current practice and thought about the organizational and technical infrastructure required to be considered trustworthy and capable of certification. It establishes a baseline definition of a trustworthy digital repository and lays out the components that must be considered and evaluated as a part of that determination. It discusses the envisioned uses of this document, and the principles underlying the application of the criteria. Finally, it documents criteria that trustworthy repositories will be able to meet, providing explanations and examples.Steinhart, Dietrich, and Green 2009We describe our experience applying the Trustworthy Repositories Audit & Certification Criteria and Checklist as a framework for specifying system, policy, and documentation requirements to ensure that DataStaR is an effective partner in the entire chain of preservation activities.Schmidt 2011b, 257In 2007, the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) funded a two-year project to assess and improve the preservation of the academic email lists of the H-Net: Humanities and Social Sciences Online consortium using the Trustworthy Repositories Audit and Certification (TRAC): Criteria and Checklist. The project demonstrated that the TRAC could be applied to a repository functioning as a live access system, although the installation of a separate, server-based preservation environment is recommended.NARA 2011For example, ISO/DIS 16363 is based in large part on Trustworthy Repositories Audit & Certification: Criteria and Checklist (aka TRAC). The TRAC document in turn was developed largely on the basis of requirements found in ISO 14721 — Open archival information system — Reference model (aka OAIS Reference Model). NARA actively participated in the development of both the TRAC document and the OAIS Reference Model.CCSDS 2011, iiiIn 2003, Research Libraries Group (RLG) and the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) created a joint task force to specifically address digital repository certification. That task force published Trustworthy Repositories Audit & Certification: Criteria and Checklist (TRAC—reference [B3]), on which this Recommended Practice is based.
In 2007, the Research Libraries Group–National Archives and Records Administration Digital Repository Certification Task Force established the Trustworthy Repositories Audit and Certification (TRAC): Criteria and Checklist as an audit tool and certification methodology for demonstrating the trustworthiness of digital repositories.The TRAC checklist provides digital repositories a framework and process to measure, evaluate, and document degrees of compliance with the Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model.TRAC metrics also provide the basis for the Trusted Digital Repository (TDR) Checklist, an ISO standard (ISO 16363) for the Audit and Certification of Trustworthy Digital Repositories.