federal record

n. a record of an agency of the federal government of the United States of America exclusive of the Office of the President


The Federal Records Act (FRA, 44 USC 3301) and the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) both define records in a federal agency context. In FRA, records are defined as “all books, papers, maps, photographs, machine-readable materials, or other documentary materials, regardless of physical form or characteristics, made or received by an agency of the United States Government under Federal law or in connection with the transaction of public business and preserved or appropriate for preservation by that agency or its legitimate successor as evidence of the organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, operations, or other activities of the Government or because of the informational value of the data in them.”