records of continuing value that have been removed from the control of their rightful owner
Archivists use the term displaced archives most often when discussing records illegally or extralegally removed from the custody of national governments, particularly when this occurs in times of military conflict. However, the term is also used generically to cover any records alienated from their legal owner. Archivists in Commonwealth countries, excepting Canada, frequently use the term migrated archives instead. The term expatriate archives, created by Timothy Lovering, is sometimes used by other archivists, in part to highlight the expatriation of records from a sovereign country.