n.The intentional destruction, alteration, or concealment of evidence, especially documents.


In general, courts have found that the routine destruction of records after reasonable, scheduled retention periods is not spoliation. However, if there is a reasonable likelihood of litigation or audit, destruction of relevant records may be considered spoliation, even if the retention period has passed.


Skupsky and MontaƱa 1994, p. 105 Additionally, the spoliation, or attempt to suppress material evidence by a party to the suit, favorable to an adversary, is sufficient foundation for an inference of his guilt or negligence.