v.to transfer analog and digital information to new media for preservation purposesHolland 1990, 31Many users refresh cartridge tapes much more frequently than is necessary for half-inch tapes. General industry agreement is that data should be stable on this format for at least two years.Grimard 2005, 165We must therefore take the measures necessary to refresh the information, that is, to transfer, copy, and migrate information to new recording media before those on which they currently reside deteriorate.Kim, Dong, and Durden 2006, 95In the initial phase of the archival processing, the authors conducted a collection assessment and prepared files for long-term preservation. This included creating a disk inventory and a file catalog, creating access copies, excluding duplicate files for the repository deposit, and refreshing the files to a new medium.Luckow and Turner 2008, 180The inability to refresh or reformat a digital asset in storage ensures its obsolescence, and in many cases obsolescence occurs within a few years.Forstrom 2009, 469The converted files were later refreshed into the Yale University Library Rescue Repository, and the physical media were rehoused with the collection (as Restricted Fragile).Schmidt 2011b, 295Incremental/weekly backup tapes replaced as needed. Long-term backups are on a three-year retention schedule. Archival copies are refreshed to new tapes every five years.Coyner and Pringle 2014, 465Previous contributors were asked to refresh their data within the new parameters and to provide information about an additional 25% of their collections.O’Meara 2017, 241Redwine also provides modular goals that can be customized based on one’s own digital archiving situation—for example, the need to document your wishes for your digital files so that others can properly dispose of them; refresh your storage media regularly and prioritize at-risk materials; and determine what type of storage and software you will need to access and render your files in the long term.n. (also refreshing)the action of transferring analog and digital information to new media for preservation purposesCloonan and Sanett 2002, 95Refreshing: periodically moving records from one storage medium to another. It is a preventive measure and, because of rapid media obsolescence, it will be a necessary strategy for some years to come (authors).Breaden 2006, 55Additionally, these companies tend to let old versions go unsupported, so refreshing and migration are factors for archives exhibiting these formats.McAlister 2007, 22By contrast, refreshing addresses issues of media decay and obsolescence. During refreshing, one moves the data from one durable or persistent storage medium to another without altering the bitstream. However, refreshing alone is not a viable approach as it does not address hardware or software obsolescence. Even though the media is not decayed, it may be impossible for the digital object to be understood by humans or computers.Altman et al. 2009, 181–182Best practice is moving toward more systematic and explicit replication policies that include multiply replicating entire collections off-site, explicit versioning, and a process of regularly refreshing and verifying replicated content.Xie 2011, 586–587Based on this foundation, the records profession needs to acquire a variety of abilities, such as ¶ . . . ¶ the ability to understand technologies that preserve particular digital components, such as format refreshing, migration, emulation, and any others developed in the future . . .Matusiak and Johnston 2014, 248The authors of the endorsement tried to address the concerns of the preservation community by emphasizing the progress in the standardization of file formats, the development of digitization standards and best practices, the commitment of the cultural heritage institutions to preserving digital objects, and finally, growing experience in the refreshing and migration of digital data.InterPARES 2020a[refreshing] The process of copying the digital content from one digital medium to another (includes copying to the same kind of medium).