juridical person

n.DiplomaticsAn entity, constituted either by a collection or succession of natural or physical persons, that can take part in legal actions.


Duranti 1998, p. 42 The term 'juridical person' is used in the sense of an entity having the capacity of the potential to act legally and constituted either by a collection or succession of physical persons or a collection of properties. Examples of juridical persons are states, agencies, corporations, associations, committees, partnerships, ethnic and religious groups, positions to which individuals are nominated, appointed, or hired, character groups (women, fathers, children, deceased persons), the estates of bankrupt or deceased persons, counties, and so on. . . . In English, the United States, and English-speaking Canada, there is a legal distinction between 'natural' and 'artificial' persons which is close to the distinction between physical and juridical persons, but the jurists in those countries do not agree on a definition of the two terms.