administrative tools used to distinguish and recognize individuals within a system
Computingsoftware controls that identify users and that restrict resources users can access and actions they can take within the system
Identity management1 in a nontechnical environment can be based on birth certificates, passports, or driver’s licenses. - Identity management2 on a single system may be as simple as manually assigned user IDs and passwords. To promote e-commerce, global, interoperable standards for identity management are being proposed by several organizations and corporations.