n. Written words. The principal portion of a printed work, as distinguished from front and back matter, notes, marginalia, or illustrations. A book intended for use in instruction; a textbook.


Text1 encompasses all forms of writing, including printing, and typing. The words carved on a tombstone are an example of text, as are the representation and record of words in electronic format, such as a word processing document. Text includes numerals, punctuation, and symbols, but is distinguished from illustrations.


Cook 2001b, p. 25 No text is an innocent by-product of administrative or personal action, but rather a constructed product – although that conscious construction may be so transformed into unconscious patters of social behaviour, language conventions, organization processes, technological imperatives, and information templates that links to its constructed nature have become quite hidden.