Encoded Archival Context

n. (EAC, abbr.)A standard to mark up (encode) information relating to the circumstances of record creation and use, including the identification, characteristics, and interrelationships of the organizations, persons, and families who created, used, or were the subject of the records.


EAC is defined in a document type definition (DTD) that is compatible with both Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) or extensible markup language (XML). It is intended to extend and complement Encoded Archival Description (EAD).


Pitti 2003 The description of individuals, families, and organizations that create records is an essential component of the preservation of the documentary evidence of human activity. Identifying record creating entities; recording the names or designations used by and for them; and describing their essential functions, activities, and characteristics, and the dates and places they were active is an essential component of the management of archival records. Creator description facilitates both access to and interpretation of records.